Tense Chart with Rules and Examples PDF

English is a worldwide language. Every aspect of English grammar is crucial, but tenses are by far the most crucial! The English language relies heavily on tenses. They aid in the description of events that occur at several times – past, present, and future.

They are required for the construction of complicated sentence structures and the transmission of complex concepts. Tense is utilized to make your communication more clear. To put it another way, if you want to speak English well, you must master the tenses!

There are 12 tenses in English Grammar, four from each of the Present, Past, and Future, as we all know. Here is a useful tense chart with rules and examples for the present, past, and future tenses to help you memorize them. The diagrams show the structure of each tense, as well as a popular example that has been adjusted for each tense. As a result, you will find it much easier to recall all of the tenses.

Present Tense

The present tense can be employed to convey a repeating action or to represent a shared belief in one of two ways. Here is a present tense chart with rules and examples:

Chart of Structure for Present Tense

Types Structure Example
Present Indefinite Tense Subj + V1 + Obj I go to school
Present Continuous Tense Subj + am/is/are + V1+ing + Obj I am going to school
Present Perfect Tense Subj + Have/Has + V3 + Obj I have gone to school
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Subj + Have/Has + been + V1 + ing + Obj I have been going to school

Past Tense

The past tense is used to describe a situation or event that occurred in the past. The verb normally ends with “ed” in the past tense, however, some verbs do not modify the spelling of the root word. Here is a perfect past tense chart with rules and examples for our learners:

Chart of Structure for Past Tense

Types Structure Example
Past Indefinite Tense Subj + V2 + Obj I went to school
Past Continuous Tense Subj + was/were + V1+ing + Obj I was going to school
Past Perfect Tense Subj + Had + V3 + Obj I had gone to school
Past Perfect Continuous Tense Subj + Had + been + V1 + ing + Obj I had been going to school

Future Tense

In simple terms, the future tense denotes a circumstance or series of events that will occur in the future. The future tense can be identified by using the words “shall” or “will.” A future tense chart with rules and examples is provided for our learners’ convenience:

Chart of Structure for Future Tense

Types Structure Example
Future Indifinite Tense Subj + shall/will + V1 + Obj I will go to school
Future Continuous Tense Subj + shall/will + be + V1+ing + Obj I shall be going to school
Future Perfect Tense Subj + shall/will + Have + V3 + Obj I shall have gone to school
Future Perfect Continuous Tense Subj + shall/will + Have + been + V1 + ing + Obj I shall have been going to school


You can communicate in English everywhere in the world. When expressing their views, English speakers just need to know when to utilize the correct verb and tense. Each tense denotes a link between two or more precise times when an event occurred. This emphasizes the significance of tenses in English grammar.

Misuse of tense leads to misunderstanding because it has no meaning. Tenses play an important part in generating a comprehensible sentence for readers in the English language. When it comes to the English language, it is critical to comprehend the various tenses.

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